In this section, I will provide information found on the Internet connected to homophobia depicted in dancehall music
plus the evolution of the topic in the Caribbean context from 1976 to present time

February 4, 2005: Setteling deal between dancehall record companies and gay rights groups
The year 2004 had seen many concerts been cancelled in America and Europe. The "Stop Murder Music" campaign organised by OutRage! is estimate to have cost over $7 millions to the reggae industry. After four months of negociations, a deal was settled. The negociations took place at Scotland Yard and included representative of the three main record companies that promote dancehall music (VP Records, Greensleeves Records and JetStar Records), several promoters (Jammins, Apollo Entertainment), Peter Tatchell of OutRage! and Dennis Carney chair of Black Gay Men's Advisory Group. According to the deal, no more songs containing violent lyrics sent towards the gay and lesbian community will be included on the records produced by these companies or onstage by the artists associated with these companies, while performing. The deal does not request any apology statement by dancehall artists. Unfortunately, the records that have been released between 1992 and 2004 that contain hatered songs will continued to be distributed. The Black Music Council complained that they were not invited to the negociations. (The Guardian) (Jamaica Gleaner) (OutRage!) (Blink) (Rolling Stone) (

March 2005: Sizzla release the single 'Nah Apologize'
At the end of March, Sizzla released the single 'Nah Apologize' on the Dark Side label, as an answer to the gay organisations that want an apology. Following the agreement, the song will not be featured on any major CD releases, but will make it's way through the DJ sound systems and the radio sations. It has probably reached a certain popularity, as it will be featured on a fair amount of DJ remix CDs and unofficial compilations towards the years 2005/2006. The lyrics includes "Rastaman don’t apologize to no battybwoy...Shoot dem inna dem head, dem too fuckin nasty" (lyrics)

April 2005: Reggae Magazine publish a special on homophobia in Dancehall
Following the truce that was signed in February between the organisers of the Stop Murder Music campaign and the Dancehall industrie, the French publication Reggae Magazine make a 8-page special on homophobia in dancehall music. The article is entitled: Dancehall et homophobie: La guerre est-elle terminée? (translation: Dancehall and homophobia: is the war over?) The special contains several pictures from the Stop Murder Music campaign. The special appeared in Reggae Magazine volume 2, published in (early?) April 2005.
page 1) (page 2) (page 3) (page 4) (page 5) (page 6) (page 7) (page 8)

NOTE: I took the liberty to scan the article. I did contact the publisher and the writers to ask permission, but the emails are no longer working, as the magazine is no longer being published. If the writers are not in accordance with the inclusion of those scans, I will remove them. If you wish the find the original publication, it's Ivory Coast reggae musican Tiken Jah Fakoly who is featured on the cover. Tiken Jah has nothing to do with the Stop Murder Music campaign.

April 15, 2005: Amnesty International protest the Jamaican Consulate in USA
Hundreds of activists from Amnesty International coming from Somerset, Massachusetts joined local queer activists at a protest outside of the Jamaican Consulate on 47th Street and 3rd Avenue to demand an end to anti-gay violence in Jamaica. Across the street, hundreds of Jamaicans protested what they labeled foreign interference in Jamaica’s internal governance. (WBAI: 99.5 FM Pacifia Radio)

April 23, 2005: Fantan Mojah unconscious performance at Western Consciousness
Fantan Mojah was the last artist to show up onstage at Western Consciousness 2005. He started off his set on a bad note by unleashing two expletives in a lyrical assault on homosexuals. Performing his song 'Hungry', the microphone was turned down. He yeild at the crowed he was being sabotaged. The concert ended with beer bottles being thrown at the stage. One article mention that Turbulence, who performed at the same concert, also made unpleasant comments towards the gay community. On April 27, Fantan Mojah pleaded guilty in court and was fined $1000 (approx. $17 US), and made some excuses to his fans and to the organisers of the event. (The Star 1) (Jamaica Observer 1) ( ( (The Star 2) (Jamaica Observer 2)

April 28, 2005: Beenie Man and Bounty Killer banned by the Coalition of Corporate Sponsors
On Sunday April 3rd, was held the Supreme Ventures Jamaica Carnival road parade followed by a concert at the National Stadium car park. Beenie Man and Bounty Killer were part of the entertainers who performed on the b-mobile music truck throughout the road march. While being broadcasted on national TV they both made nasty coments regarding the gay community. On April 7, Bounty Killer issued a written apology. The following Monday, Beenie Man did the same. As both artists broke the moral code of their contract, the Coalition of Corporate Sponsors issued a statement on April 28 that, until further notice, they would no longer sponsor any event that features these two artists.
Jamaica Gleaner 1) (Jamaica Gleaner 2) (The Star 1) (The Star 2) (The Star 3)

May 19, 2005: Capleton concert is cancelled in France – twelve other concerts will also be axed
The 13-date French tour of Capleton was starting on June 2nd. Ignoring the deal established in February, the French gay and lesbians organizations have intensively been lobbying to see the tour cancelled. The result: twelve out of thirteen concerts were cancelled between May 19 and June 9. The only concert that went on was in Brest-Guipavas on June 5. Local gay and lesbian associations voted to let the event happen, as it might bring hatered towards the comunity if it was cancelled. Before the concert, ActionGay read a declaration against homophobia to the crowd and asked a minute of silence in the memory of Brian Williamson. On July 19, the town of Reims (the first city to cancel a Capleton concert in France) was found guilty of "abusive rupture of contract" and had to pay 8000 Euros for compensation. On July 31, Capleton expres his feeling in a long radio interview on France-Inter, stating that he is victim of racism.
Humanite) (BBC News) (ReggaeFrance) (Guipavas concert) (concert dates) (radio interview) (court case) (Jamaica Star interview)

May 20, 2005: Bashment: a theatre play that deals with homophobia in music
The play created by Rikki Beadle-Blair tells the story of a young MC who is brain damaged by a gang of fans in a homophobic beating, and follows his lover as he copes with the fall-out and his attackers as they face up to their crime. Described as "pitched as a play about homophobic dancehall music, it is actually much more than that and covers race, queer-bashing, music, love and hate". It was featured at London's Theatre Royal Stratford East in May/June and returned by popular demand in September/October 2005. It was even nominated for Best New Play at the 2005 TMA Theatre Awards.
Rainbow Network) (Barking & Dagenham Recorder) (Blacknet)

May 23, 2005: Capleton is cancelled in Switzerland
The Neuchatel concert sheduled on June 10 in Switzerland was cancelled on May 23. Two weeks later, the Esch-Sur-Alzette concert scheduled on June 22 in Luxembourg is also cancelled. To my knowledge, these are the only two Capleton concerts that have been cancelled outside of France in 2005. (Tetu)

May 26, 2005: iTunes exec tells Buju Banton company to stop contacting him
After being aproached by Gargamel Music to promote Buju Banton's new single, Kirk Bonin, Artist/Label Relations Manager at iTunes Music Store, answered: “Please remove me from any (mailing) list having to do with this artist or any Jamaican artist actually”. The email had the effect of a slap in the face to the Jamaican music industry. Bonin told The Voice he was expressing his personal views and not those of the company. Even if that conflict happend, the same song will be available exclusively through the iTunes Music Store, in late October 2005, before the release of his new album 'Reggae Got Soul'.
The Voice) (Jamaica Observer)

June 7, 2005: Official apology statement by Capleton
Following the six cancellation of his French tour (Reims, Lille, Toulouse, Clermont-Ferrand, Saint-Brieuc, Reignier) and fearing that more cancelation may come, Capleton decided to play safe by producing an official apology statement in order to prove his good will in respecting the deal established in February between the reggae industry and the gay and lesbian associtions. This is the first time an apology statement is signed by one of the artist that was targeted by the 2004 'Stop Murder Music' campaign. (picture of the apology statement)

June 10, 2005: Official apology statement on behalf of Sizzla
On June 9, eight gay and lesbian French organisations are requesting the cancellation of the Sizzla concerts scheduled in France. The following day Harambee Management Company, based in Kingston, released an official apology statement on behalf of Sizzla. It was released in order to allow Sizzla to performed on international reggae stages, trying to avoid demonstration by gay rights organisations. Prior to this statement, the artist as always refused to apology. In a November 2004 interview with the BBC, Sizzla said "They can't ask me to apologise, they've got to apologise to God because they break God's law." (apology)

June 29, 2005: six Sizzla concerts are cancelled in France
On June 15, the organisations rejected the apology statement issued by Sizzla on June 10, sating that it is too vain ("I know that in the past some of my material may have may have seemed to incite violence towards others") and it implies that the singer can still criticize openly homosexuality, instead of taking a stand against Jamaican exagerated homophobia. The result: six of the eight concerts were cancelled, including the Garance Reggae Festival in Paris. David Allison of OutRage! said that he personally contact the French organisations to let them know that their was an agreement concluded in February between the two parties, and that they should honour it by.
Inter Centres LGBT) (BBC News) (BlackBritain) (CaribbeanNetNews) (NouvelObs) (365gay)

June 26, 2005: dancehall festival the same day as Toronto Gay Pride day
Something seems totally out of space: Buju Banton, Bounty Killer and Elephant Man are performing at Toronto's Air Canada Center for the International Reggae Superstars, the very same day as Toronto Gay Pride celebrates it's 15th anniversary. The lineup also includes Cocoa Tea, Kevin Little, Lady Saw, Trudy and Blessed. (NowToronto)

July 21, 2005: Sizzla shout "bun batty man" onsatge at Sumfest 2005
According to the press, without any doubt, Sizzla was the highlight of the Dancehall Night, the second evening from Red Stripe Reggae Sumfest 2005 (held in Montego Bay, Jamaica, between July 20 and July 23). The 40-minute performance was field with hits, but the artist coudn't contained himself between the songs to shout a few "bun batty man" and performed one of his recent hit single 'Nah Apologize' ("bad man nah apologise to no batty boy"). He also impored the Government not to follow the countries who have legalized homosexual marriage. Two days later, the organisers and sponsors indicated that "an artiste had breached the agreed code of the Sponsors Coalition with respect to inciting violence in their lyrics".
Jamaica Observer 1) (Jamaica Gleaner) (Jamaica Observer 2)

July 29, 2005: Jamaica parliament suggest a debate on the legalisation of homosexuality
In late July, the parliament committee on Human Resources and Social Development made the recommendation for a debate on the legalization of homosexuality and prostitution, one of 31 suggestions to combat the spread of HIV/AIDS. It was the first time that the Jamaican government raise the issue on opening a parliament or national debate on whether or not the Sodomy Law should be repeal. The suggestion was largely criticized by the population. The committee was accused of promoting gay rights. Reacting on a Jamaican Observer article, Donald Rhodd, chairperson of the committee and state minister of Education said: "At no time was gay rights, or gay marriage, or gay adoption rights mentioned". The same week, Allen Chastanet, Vice President of the St. Lucia Hotel and Tourism Association challenged the St. Lucian government with same-sex marriage, an industry that could be extremely lucrative for the Caribbean tourism industry.
NOTE: an interesting article was made by the Los Angeles Times in November 2005:
In Jamaica, Gay Rights Now an Issue Worth Debating.
Jamaica Observer 1) (Jamaica Observer 2) (Observer Editorial) (Jamaica Observer 3) (Jamaica Observer 4) (CaribbeanNetNews)

August, 2005: Jamaican companies counterbalance the Coalition of Corporate Sponsors
In October 2004, the Coaltion of Corporate Sponsors (six of the biggest Jamaican companies) warned the dancehall industry to cleaned up their act. In 2005, Beenie Man, Bounty Killer, Sizzla and Fantan Mojah broke the Coalition's 'code of conduct', therefore they didn't want to sponsor any upcoming event that featured these artists. But July and August have seen many concerts sponsored by different Jamaican companies, which saw the situation as an opportunity to associate themselves with the music industry. (Jamaica Gleaner)

September 19, 2005: The documentary 'Pick Up The Mic' is shown at Toronto Film Festival
This documentary focus on gay & lesbian Hip-Hop singers. It was premiere at Toronto International Film Festival in September 2005, then was shown in over 50 different festivals worldwide. Synopsis found on the official website: 'Pick Up The Mic': Queer Hip-Hop: it’s a lot more than a stylish oxymoron in this surprising, fast-paced documentary on the world of queer rappers. Featuring searing public performances and raw, revealing interviews with the community’s most significant players, the film captures an unapologetic underground music movement just as it explodes into the mainstream - defying the music industry's most homophobic genre in the process. 'Pick Up The Mic' features more than a dozen contemporary hip-hop artists, representing a striking range of sexual and ethnic diversity. The artists are followed rehearsing, performing, and struggling – always revealing their raw, most intimate feelings, including experiences with homophobia, gender identification issues, and suicide. The documentary reveals these artists and producers as they attempt to express their lives through hip-hop music - a medium from which they’ve often felt alienated because of it’s widespread misogyny and anti-gay rhetoric. But their stories resonate far beyond the music industry and queer communities, reminding us all of the surprising resiliency of the human spirit. 'Pick Up The Mic' is not only a captivating record of a burgeoning culture, but is ultimately – and perhaps more importantly - an inspiring exploration of the universal desire to voice the passion and pain of one’s individual existence.
Documentary) (YouTube: LA opening of 'Pick Up The Mic') (YouTube: 'Pick Up The Mic' opening montage)

September 21, 2005: Buju Banton arrested and charged with assault
On September 21, Buju Banton and Horace Hill were arrested and brought before the court in connection with the beating of six gay men, which occured on June 24, 2004, in Kingston. Banton was offered bail and in the sum of $50,000 ($775 US) after he pleaded not guilty and was ordered to report to the Constant Spring Police Station three times a week, which will later be reduced to once a week, in order to 'accomodate' Mr. Banton's schedule. Let's take note that he arrest was done 15 months after the alleged attack, despite a warrant for his arrest having been issued in June 2004. In NOTE: In late May 2005, Buju Banton release a cover of Peter Tosh classic 'Them A Fi Get A Beaten' , retitled 'Must Get A Beaten': coincidence?
Jamaica Observer) (OutRage!) ( ( (

September 24, 2005: Sean Paul comments on homophobic songs
Following Kanye West, Sean Paul is the second chart topping hip hop/dancehall artist to discredit gay bashing lyrics in within a few weeks. In an interview with the UK Newpaper The Guardian, Sean Paul gave the song 'Chi Chi Man' by T.O.K. as an example of the type of music that is degrading the industry. Quote from the interview: "Right now my question to these dudes is, 'Why say it so many times?' It's really hurting the music on a monumental level". The Jamaica Star ran the story a month later and gave a tribune to express their disapointment.
The Guardian) ( (The Star 1) (The Star 2)

September 30, 2005: Buju Banton on trial
First court day for the Buju Banton trial. A crowd of fans gathered in from of the court house carrying placards and shouting anti-homosexuals statements. The crowd created a traffic jam and Banton had to publicly ask his fans not to gether in front of the courthouse for his upcoming court appointments. His bail was extended until next court session, which occured on October 19. The third appearance was scheduled for November 2, but was postponed until January 19, because of the absence of the presiding resident magistrate.
Jamaica Observer) (Jamaica Star 1) (Jamaica Star 2) (Jamaica Star 3) (Jamaica Star 4) (

September, 2005: the Coalition of Corporate Sponsors lift their ban before Christmas Season
Five months after imposing a ban on artists which didn'y rescpect their code of conduct, the Coalition decided to lift the band after having discussions with the artists concerned. Aparently the code had not change, but there will be more dialogue between the artists and the Coalition.
The second Jamaica Gleaner features an interview with Beenie Man's regarding the Coalition.
NOTE: if the ban was lift in September (or even October), how come these articles are only featured in the January editions of The Gleaner?
Jamaica Gleaner 1) (Jamaica Gleaner 2)

November 30, 2005: Jamaican AIDS activist Lenford 'Steve' Harvey is killed
At 1 a.m. on November 30, four armed gunmen broke into the house of Jamaica's best-known AIDS activist Steve Harvey. They ask for money and stole valuables. On of the assaliant asked him and his two roomates: "we hear that you are gay". His roomates denied, but Steve remained silent. Harvey was ordered at gunpoint to help the gunmen carry valuables to his company car and left with him. Few hours later, the Jamaican police found his body with gunshot wounds to his head and back. Steve Harvey, who ran Jamaica AIDS Support for Life, was "a person of extraordinary bravery and integrity, who worked tirelessly to ensure that some of Jamaica's most marginalized people had the tools and information to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS". On December 7, UNAIDS (the United Nations Programs on HIV/AIDS), make a press statement, urging the Jamaican Government to that the necessary steps are taken to bring the criminals to justice. Two days later, Jamaican deputy commissioner Mark Shields named an independent monitor for their investigation. (PlanetOut) (UK BlackOut) (UNAIDS statement) (Jamaica Observer) (New York Times) (Tribute) (Memorial + Editorial critic) (Observer Editorial) (Thomas Glave letter)

December 23, 2005: T.O.K. get unplugged while performing the song 'Chi Chi Man'
The group T.O.K. was part of the headliners at the much-anticipated Smirnoff Experience concert in Jamaica on December 23. Even if they had signed a contract with the promoter (Red Stripe, part of the Coalition) stipulating not to sing or state comments inciting violence or discrimination, the band took the freelance to perform their biggest hit, the homophobic song 'Chi Chi Man'. While performing, it, their microphones got turned off. After a few minutes of silence, they try to go into th next song, but the promoters kept the volume down. Frustrated the band left the stage.
NOTE: The song seems to be part of their set, the following evening, at Renaissance Christmas Eve Party, but the article is unclear, and I wasn't able to locate another article that confirms it.
Jamaica Observer 1) (Jamaica Observer 2) (The Star)

Somewhere in 2005: TV report on homophobia in dancehall
This is a TV report that was included on YouTube. The date is unknow to me, but according tio YouTube posting, it's dated from 2005. It has an interview with Jasmyne Cannick, a black american lesbian activist well know for her blog and her strong commitment and devotion for the black gay rights movement.
TV Report posted on YouTube) (